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古玩行2019精品推荐第12期:元青花鬼谷子下山大罐

2019-12-25 22:10       来源:未知      
摘要:

元青花人物故事罐在我国的瓷器界有非常重要的地位,是我国瓷器中璀璨夺目的一朵奇葩,因为它的精湛的制作工艺、精美的图案加上是取材中国有名的故事图案主题,它在中国的瓷器史上一直占据着霸主的地位,是无法被任何瓷器替代的珍品。

Yuan blue and white character story jar plays a very important role in China's porcelain industry, and it is a brilliant flower in China's porcelain. Because of its exquisite production technology, exquisite patterns and famous Chinese story pattern theme, it has always occupied a dominant position in China's porcelain history, and is a treasure that can not be replaced by any porcelain.

 

【藏品名称】:元青花人物故事罐

[collection name]: Yuan blue and white character story jar

【类别】:瓷器

[category]: porcelain

长期以来公认存在的元青花人物故事罐全世界仅有8件,且认为全都流失海外。事实上国内地方博物馆也藏有两件元青花人物大罐精品,由于各方面原因,之前较少有人知道。因此目前可以统计的元青花戏曲人物大罐事实上共有10件。

It has long been recognized that there are only eight yuan blue and white character story cans around the world, and they are all thought to have been lost overseas. In fact, the local museums in China also have two yuan blue and white giant pots, which are rarely known before due to various reasons. Therefore, there are 10 big pots of Yuan blue and white opera figures that can be counted at present.

 

鬼谷子下山的故事出自《战国策》。故事说的是战国时期,燕国和齐国交战,为齐国效命的孙膑为敌方所擒,他的师傅鬼谷子前往营救,率领众人一行下山。这件元青花人物罐“鬼谷子下山”描绘的便是鬼谷子下山的情景,鬼谷子坐在由狮虎共拉的两轮车上。后面跟着两个骑马的人,其中一个穿着武官衣服打了一面旗写有“鬼谷”两字。整个青花纹饰共分四层,第一层颈部:饰水波纹;第二层肩部:饰缠枝牡丹;第三层腹部:为“鬼谷子下山”主题纹饰;第四层下部:为变形莲瓣纹内绘琛宝,俗称“八大码”。

The story of Guiguzi going down the mountain comes from the policy of Warring States. The story tells that during the Warring States period, Yan Kingdom and Qi kingdom were at war. Sun Bin, who served for Qi Kingdom, was captured by the enemy. His master Guiguzi went to rescue him and led them down the mountain. This yuan blue and white character jar "Guiguzi going down the mountain" depicts the scene of Guiguzi going down the mountain. Guiguzi is sitting on a two wheeled car pulled by a lion and a tiger. Followed by two people on horseback, one of them dressed in military officer's clothes hit a flag with the word "ghost Valley". The whole blue and white decoration is divided into four layers, the first layer of neck: water ripples; the second layer of shoulder: twigs and peonies; the third layer of abdomen: the theme decoration of "Guiguzi going down the mountain"; the fourth layer of lower part: Chenbao painted inside the deformed lotus petal pattern, commonly known as "eight sizes".

 

此件元青花珍品----“鬼谷子下山”青花大罐是敝人十多年前偶遇所得,该器形制作规整,釉色莹润,胎体厚重较适中。整器平口,短颈,丰肩,鼓圆腹,腹至胫部逐渐内收至底微外撇;素底胎骨显麻仓土质,圈足斜削较浅,有明显旋纹。通体共有四组纹饰组成,主体纹饰为历史人物故事“鬼谷子下山”的情景为主,另外三组为辅助纹饰。

The blue and white pot of "Guiguzi going down the mountain" is a treasure of Yuan Dynasty blue and white. It was made by chance more than ten years ago. The shape of the pot is regular, the glaze is bright and lustrous, and the carcass is thick and moderate. The whole device has a flat mouth, short neck, abundant shoulders, round belly, and gradually retracted from belly to shin to the bottom and slightly skimmed out; the plain bottom fetal bone shows the soil of hemp warehouse, and the ring foot is slightly obliquely cut, with obvious spiral lines. There are four groups of ornaments in the whole body, the main ornament is the scene of "Guiguzi going down the mountain", and the other three groups are auxiliary ornaments.

 

该罐的 主体纹饰衍生于中国战国时期乐毅图齐的故事,图案中主要人物鬼谷子是军事家孙子的师傅,他被请下山,以解燕国被强兵所围之困。鬼谷子先生乘坐一辆由一虎一豹拉的两轮车,跟随两个步卒。齐国使节苏代骑马殿后,两个人之间有一少年,英气勃发,纵马而行。此罐人物刻画流畅自然、神韵十足、栩栩如生,各种辅助纹饰也是笔笔精到,十分完美,显然是出自具有深厚绘画功力的大画家之手,以张力十足、无以伦比的浓艳深透的青花纹饰,强烈地感染着爱好欣赏元青花的每一位藏家。

The main design of the pot originated from the story of Leyi Tuqi in the Warring States period of China. Guiguzi, the main character in the design, is the master of the military grandson. He was invited to go down the mountain to relieve the siege of Yan state by the strong soldiers. Mr. Guiguzi took a two wheeled car pulled by a tiger and a leopard and followed two pawns. There was a young man between the two of them. He was very brave and rode on his horse. This jar of characters is smooth and natural, full of verve and lifelike, and all kinds of auxiliary ornaments are also exquisite and perfect. It is obviously from the hands of a great painter with profound painting skills. With the full tension and unparalleled deep blue and white ornaments, it strongly infects every Tibetan who likes to appreciate the Yuan blue and white.

 

这件“鬼谷子下山”青花大罐是元青花瓷器的典型代表作品,器型之大,造型之美,发色之艳,画工之精,整体的制作显示了元代青花瓷在艺术文化的造诣方面已经达到登峰造极的水准,这些独特性是其他艺术作品不能相媲美的,这使得此罐非普通的青花瓷可比,堪称中国古代瓷器中的艺术文化瑰宝,值得收藏爱好者用心品味和欣赏。

This blue and white pot of "Guiguzi going down the mountain" is a typical representative work of Yuan blue and white porcelain. The overall production shows that the blue and white porcelain of Yuan Dynasty has reached the highest level in terms of artistic and cultural attainments. These unique features are incomparable with other art works, which makes this pot incomparable with ordinary blue and white porcelain, It can be called the artistic and cultural treasure of ancient China, and it is worth the attentive taste and appreciation of collectors.

 

此“鬼谷子下山图” 峰峦叠翠、林木葱郁,泉水潺潺、云雾潆潆、野花争妍,可谓是气象万千,人间仙境。图中鬼谷子先生恰似端坐在以一虎一豹的拉车中,身体微微前倾,神态自若,超凡如仙。画面景色秀丽,意境优美,幽不可测;表现出他运筹帷幄、决胜千里之外的神态。人物的刻画流畅自然,神韵十足,整个画面主次分明,色彩斑斓,疏密有致;光与影、人与景浑然一体,构成了一幅壮观而又优美的山水人物画轴。因此,青花瓷器上历史人物故事的出现,就显得更为珍贵。

This "picture of Guiguzi going down the mountain" has green peaks, lush trees, gurgling spring water, cloud and mist, and competing wild flowers. It is a wonderland on earth. In the picture, Mr. Guiguzi seems to be sitting in a car pulled by a tiger and a leopard, leaning forward slightly, with a self-confident and extraordinary manner. The picture is beautiful, artistic conception is beautiful, and it is unpredictable; it shows his strategical and decisive manner. The depiction of the characters is smooth and natural, full of verve, the whole picture is clear in primary and secondary, colorful and dense; light and shadow, people and scenery are integrated, forming a spectacular and beautiful painting axis of landscape figures. Therefore, the emergence of historical figures on blue and white porcelain is more precious.

 

 

 

 

 

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